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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy vs Dialectical Behavior Therapy

“Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that treats problems and boosts happiness by modifying dysfunctional emotions, behaviors, and thoughts,” according to Psychology Today. “CBT focuses on solutions, encouraging patients to challenge distorted cognitions and change destructive patterns of behavior.”

The CBT employed in talk therapy uncovers the patterns of thought a patient has and how those thoughts can be harmful. This negative pattern of thinking does a disservice to the patient. During CBT, the patient becomes aware of these patterns and challenges the thoughts in a more effective manner. CBT is effective in helping the patient realize their negative thought patterns and learning to cope in a more helpful way.

“Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) provides clients with new skills to manage painful emotions and decrease conflict in relationships,” according to Psychology Today. “DBT specifically focuses on providing therapeutic skills in four key areas: mindfulness, distress tolerance, emotional regulation, and interpersonal effectiveness.”

Mindfulness, being present in the moment you are in, is the first step of DBT. During mindfulness, the patient is aware of the present. They are cognizant of what they are currently thinking and feeling.

Distress tolerance, the second step of DBT helps the patient tolerate their negative patterns of thinking. During distress tolerance, the patient doesn’t try to ignore or push off these thoughts, but instead learns to deal with them in a healthy way.

Emotional regulation, step three of DBT, helps to adjust to powerful emotions that the patient may be feeling. Managing and responding in a healthy way to a patient’s emotions is the goal of this step.

Interpersonal effectiveness is the last step of DBT. It helps patients learn how to interact with those around them in a healthy way. Being firm but also respectful is much of what this step is all about.  

At Villa Tranquil Recovery, we employ both Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Dialectical Behavior Therapy with our patients. Employing both CBT and DBT are helpful for our clients on their recovery journey. Our team wants to help you learn how to manage your negative thinking while also giving you new skills to employ during hard times. Reach out to us today to learn more about our programs. Call 214-799-3080