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Depression Versus Manic Depression

If you are just coming to terms with your diagnosis (or if you are undiagnosed), it can be difficult to recognize your symptoms. You may be unsure of how your diagnosis really fits you. If you are struggling with depression or manic depression, you may have trouble differentiating between depression and the beginning of mania. You may also have trouble understanding how your substance use disorder fits into the picture of mental illness. If you’re having some of these questions, it’s okay. Villa Tranquil Recovery is here to help!


When someone is struggling with depression, they are experiencing the lowest of lows. They seldom have moments of happiness. Their moods are low, causing extreme sadness, low energy, and no motivation. Some individuals with depression may even experience suicidal thoughts. If you or someone you know is contemplating suicide, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255. If you are in immediate danger, call 911.

Manic Depression

Manic depression is a combination of both depression and mania. At times, an individual with manic depression will be experiencing the low moods of depression, along with the other symptoms described above. These low periods often last at least two weeks. At other times, usually for a week or so at a time, the individual will experience mania. Mania is when the individual will feel extremely happy and have an abundance of energy. They may begin to sleep less and eat more. It can often feel like they are stuck in a fast forward mode. Manic episodes are categorized into two types:

  • Bipolar I

In Bipolar I, the individual has manic episodes that last at least seven days and then has depressive episodes that last at least two weeks. 

  • Bipolar II

In Bipolar II, the individual has hypomanic episodes and depressive episodes. Hypomanic episodes are less severe versions of the manic episodes described above. 

How does substance use fit in with bipolar disorder?

The National Institute of Mental Health has found that “many people with bipolar disorder also may have other mental health disorders or conditions.” One of these conditions is the misuse of drugs or alcohol: “People with bipolar disorder are more prone to misusing drugs or alcohol” (NIMH).

If you think you are struggling with bipolar disorder or a co-occurring substance use disorder, reach out to Villa Tranquil Recovery today. We want to help heal your mind, body, and spirit. Call our trained staff today at 214-799-3080